masterdl (masterdl) wrote,

Продолжаем тихие игры на картах по заветам public law 86-90 (1959)

 в законе упоминается угнетенный "туркестан"...а что это?
по ссылке идем и видим...


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This article is about the area. For the town in Kazakhstan, see Turkistan (city).
Not to be confused with Turkey or Turkmenistan.
Map of Turkestan with modern state borders. The area covers a large number of countries including: Russia (Tatarstan and parts of Siberia), Mongolia, the Chinese autonomous province of Xinjang (also known as East Turkestan or Chinese Turkestan), Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and parts of Afghanistan.
Map from Mahmud al-Kashgari's Dīwān ul-Lughat al-Turk, showing the 11th century distribution of Turkic tribes.

Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan, literally means "Land of the Turks" in Persian. It refers to an area in Central Asia between Siberia to the north and Tibet, India and Afghanistan to the south, the Caspian Sea to the west and the Gobi Desert to the east.

Etymology and terminology[edit]

Of Persian origin (see -stan), the term "Turkestan" (ترکستان) has never referred to a single national state.[1] Muslim geographers first used the word to describe the place of Turkic peoples.[2]

Turkestan was used to describe any place where Turkic peoples lived.[1] Anatolia during Ottoman rule was referred to as Turkestan by Ottoman writers.[citation needed]

On their way southward during the conquest of Central Asia in the course of the 19th century, the Russians took the city of Turkestan (in present-day Kazakhstan) in 1864. Mistaking its name for that of the entire region, they adopted the name of "Turkestan" for their new territory.[2][3]

As of 2015, the term labels a region in Central Asia which is inhabited mainly by Turkic peoples, but the regions also contained peoples who were not Turkic, such as the Tajiks, and excluded some who were. It includes present-day Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Xinjiang (East Turkestan or Chinese Turkestan).[4][5]Often, the Turkic regions of Afghanistan and Russia (Tatarstan and parts of Siberia) are included as well."

а что такое идель-урал?


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Idel-Ural (Tatar: Идел-Урал İdel-Ural, Russian: Идель-Урал) literally Volga-Ural is a historical region in Eastern Europe, in what is today Russia. The name literally means Volga-Urals in the Tatar language. The frequently used Russian variant is Volgo-Uralye (Russian: Волго-Уралье).[1] The term Idel-Ural is often used to designate 6 republics of Russia of this region: Bashkortostan, Chuvashia, Mari El, Mordovia, Tatarstan, Udmurtia, especially in Tatar-language literature or in the context of minority languages.[2] Idel-Ural is included within the Volga Region (Поволжье, Povolzhye). The major religions in the region are Islam and Orthodox Christianity.

Before being conquered by Tsardom of Russia in the 16th century, the region was dominated by native Uralic tribes and a succession of Turkic empires such as Volga Bulgaria, the Khazars, the Golden Horde and the Khanate of Kazan."

а может с "Козакия" повезет?


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This article pertains to the American geopolitical term for the ethnic Cossack regions of modern-day Russia and Ukraine, designated as Captive Nations under the Soviet Union. It also pertains to the modern desire for an independent Cossack state. For the formerly autonomous, historical Cossack state, see State of the Zaporizhian Host (also referred to as the Cossack Hetmanate and Cossackia). For the annexation of Cossackia by Tsarist Russia, see Treaty of Pereyaslav.

Cossackia (Russian: Казакия) is a term sometimes used to refer to the traditional areas where the Cossack communities live in Russia and Ukraine, and to the lands of the Zaporizhian Host. Depending on its context, "Cossackia" may mean the ethnographic area of Cossack habitat or a proposed Cossack state independent from the Soviet Union.[1]

The name "Cossackia" became popular among the Cossack émigrés in Europe after the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the ensuing civil war. It was used to designate a union of seven Cossack territorial "units" — the Don, Kuban, Terek, Astrakhan, Ural, Orenburg, and the Kalmuk district. Calls for an independent Cossackia emerged within the vibrant émigré Cossack community in Prague, Czechoslovakia, later in the 1920s. A project of a constitution for Cossackia was also devised and envisaged the creation of the state of Cossackia and its secession from the Soviet Union. During World War II, some proponents of "Cossackia" rallied behind Germany attempted to establish a notionally independent Cossack state. After the war, the idea of independent Cossackia retained some support among the Cossack émigrés in Europe and the United States. The 1959 U.S. public law on Captive Nations listed Cossackia among the nations living under oppression of the Soviet regime.[1][2][3]"

Лихо парни законы там "клепают" из того, что было!
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